EYELIDS AND UPPER FACE

EYELID PTOSIS


Ptotsis is the medical term used to describe sagging of the upper eyelid. It can affect only one eye or both eyes, and its severity may vary from case to case. Although painless, a major ptosis can significantly affect the field of vision. When a patient presents with a severe case of ptosis, his or her eye seem constantly closed.

Pathologies oculaires

SYMPTOMS


  • Drooping eyelid
  • Reduced field of vision

RISK FACTORS


  • Genetics
  • Age
  • Certain diseases (for example, Horner-Bernard syndrome)
  • Muscular problem
  • Trauma
  • Eye surgery
  • Use of rigid contact lenses
  • Excessive rubbing of the eye

BENIGN OR MALIGNANT PALPEBRAL LESION


The palpebral lesion concerns any affection, benign or malignant, located on the eyelids. These include: papillomas, chalazion, warts, cysts, etc. These lesions often appear as lumps found below or above the skin.

Pathologies oculaires

SYMPTOMS


  • Discomfort in the eye
  • Redness or inflammation
  • Pain or warmth sensation
  • Tingling
  • Burning sensation

RISK FACTORS


  • Blockage of the Meibomian glands
  • Tumor
  • Infection
  • Allergy

TREATMENTS


 

ECTROPION


A normal, healthy lower eyelid should be in contact with the eyeball. The ectropion is defined as an outward sag, or eversion, of the edge of the eyelid. When there is a case of ectropion, the eyelid is turned back on itself and can no longer adequately protect the eye. This condition usually affects older people. Artificial tears and ointments can be used to temporarily relieve symptoms.

Pathologies oculaires

SYMPTOMS


  • Tears evacuation problem
  • Excessive lachrymation
  • Irritation or burning sensation
  • Redness
  • Dry eyes
  • Increased sensitivity to light

RISK FACTORS


  • Age
  • Genetics
  • Paralysis
  • Trauma
  • Muscular deficiency

ENTROPION


In contrast to ectropion, entropion is defined as an inward turning of the eyelid. The eyelashes are in contact with the surface of the eye, which can cause discomfort and irritation. This abnormality of the eye usually affects older people and the lower eyelid. When untreated, entropion can cause corneal damage. Artificial tears and ointments can be used to temporarily relieve symptoms.

Pathologies oculaires

SYMPTOMS


  • Tears evacuation problem
  • Excessive lachrymation
  • Irritation or burning sensation
  • Redness
  • Dry eyes
  • Discomfort
  • Pain, in certain cases
  • Inscreased sensitivity to light

RISK FACTORS


  • Age
  • Paralysis
  • Trauma
  • Infection
  • Muscuclar deficiency

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