MACULAR DEGENERATION

human retina image
human retina image

DEFINITION


Macular degeneration affects the retina, specifically the region of the macula. As the macula is the part of the retina which allows us to have good central vision, a patient with macular degeneration will have reduced vision

There are two distinctive forms of this disease:

Dry macular degeneration: This form of the illness is not treatable. It can only be prevented by taking precautions, such as quitting smoking, wearing sunglasses, and taking certain vitamins to prevent macular degeneration.

Wet macular degeneration: After a few years, dry macular degeneration can become wet. This happens when new blood vessels appear in the choroid. Seeing as these vessels are fragile, there may be blood leaks that can cause a hemorrhage. Unlike the dry form of the disease, wet macular degeneration can be treated in order to preserve maximum vision.

You should know that Bellevue clinics have all the latest technologies available to diagnose and monitor macular degeneration cases.

SYMPTOMS


  • Decreased vision
  • Distorted images
  • Blurred vision
  • Perception of a stain in central vision

RISK FACTORS


  • Age (usually begins at 50 years old)
  • Tobacco
  • Heredity
  • High blood plessure
  • Diet
  • Overexposure to the sun
  • Sex (studies have shown that women are more affected by this disease)

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